James Neal Butcher is a professor emeritus of the Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota. He is a clinical-personality psychologist who conducts research and publishes in the areas of personality assessment, cross-cultural assessment, forensic evaluations, abnormal psychology, and airline pilot screening. He serves on the Board of Directors for the Korean War Veterans Memorial Foundation.
At age 17, Butcher enlisted in the US Army during the Korean War. He served 2 years in a parachute infantry division (82 nd Airborne). He volunteered for service in the Korean War and served one year as an infantry soldier in the 17 the Infantry Regiment during the war including the battles for Jane Russell Hill in October 1952 and Pork Chop Hill in April 1953. In 2013 he published a memoir of his early life and his military experience (Butcher, J. N. (2013). Korea: Traces of a forgotten war. Ashland, Or.: Hellgate Press.
Butcher completed a B.A. in Psychology from Guilford College in North Carolina in 1960 and an MA in Experimental Psychology in 1962 and a PhD in Clinical Psychology from the University of North Carolina in 1964. Butcher obtained the following two Honorary Doctorates for his work in cross-cultural personality assessment: Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium, Awarded Doctor Honoris Causa (1990); the University of Florence, Florence, Italy, Awarded Laurea Honoris Causa in Psicologia (2005). He was also awarded the Bruno Klopfer Award for Lifetime Contribution from the Society for Personality Assessment (2004).
Butcher later taught at the University of Minnesota from 1964 to 2002 and served as the Clinical Psychology Director for 11 years (1974-1983). He served as a Ph.D. supervisor for 55 doctoral students. He has written more than 66 books and 250 journal articles and book chapters during his career. He served as an editor for the American Psychological Association journal Psychological Assessment (1992-1997) and consulting editor for numerous psychology journals.