The Wall of Remembrance – Public Law 114-230

The KOREAN WAR VETERANS MEMORIAL FOUNDATION (KWVMF) and the KOREAN WAR VETERANS ASSOCIATION (KWVA) are promoting legislation (H.R. 1475 / S. 1982) in the 114th Congress to add a ‘WALL OF REMEMBRANCE’ to augment the ‘POOL OF REMEMBRANCE’ of the Korean War Veterans Memorial in Washington, DC.

Obama signs legislation honoring Korean War heroes

By pss@ktimes.com – Yonhap News – International:

wallofremembrance_small

“U.S.President Barack Obama signed into law legislation authorizing the establishment of a “Wall of Remembrance” in Washington that lists the names of all American soldiers killed during the 1950-53 Korean War.

White House press secretary Josh Earnest said in a statement that Obama signed the Korean War Veterans Memorial Wall of Remembrance Act (H.R.1475). The bill was sent to the White House after passing through the House in February and the Senate last month.

The legislation, which was introduced last year by Rep. Sam Johnson (R-TX), a Korean War veteran, calls for authorizing the wall’s establishment at the Korean War Veterans Memorial and allowing certain private contributions to fund the project.

The proposed wall would list the names of all members of the U.S. Armed Forces who were killed in action during the Korean War and list the number of all American prisoners of war and those missing in action, Johnson’s office said.

The United States led the 21-nation Allied Forces to help South Korea repel the Chinese-backed communist troops invading from the North. More than 36,000 American soldiers sacrificed their lives, and 103,000 were wounded.

The war ended in a truce, not a peace treaty, leaving the divided peninsula still technically at war.”

On February 24, 2016, the U.S. House of Representatives, unanimously passed H.R. 1475. We are now asking for your support to help us persuade the Members of the U.S. Senate to sign on as co-sponsors to S. 1982, the companion bill to H.R. 1475, to make this Wall of Remembrance a reality.   S. 1982 was introduced by Senators Cardin (MD) and Boozman (AR). and is referenced as the Korean War Veterans Memorial Wall of Remembrance Act of 2016.  S. 1982 has 29 co-sponsors.  More are needed.

A Wall of Names becomes a home for those who will otherwise be forgotten; for they are now unknown to their people. S. 1982 (as does H.R. 1495) proposes to add a Wall of Remembrance as part of the previously authorized Korean War Veterans Memorial to include, in regards to the Korean War: (1)  listing by name of members of the U.S. Armed Forces who were killed in action; (2) the number of members who were wounded, listed as missing in action, or prisoners of war; and (3) the number of members of the Korean Augmentation to the U.S. Army (KATUSAs), the Republic of Korea Armed Forces, and the other nations of the United Nations (U.N.) Command who were killed, wounded, missing, or prisoners.  S. 1982 has been referred to the Senate  Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, Subcommittee on National Parks.  That Subcommittee reviewed S. 1982 on March 17 and the bill is now awaiting mark-up by the Senate full Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.  The funding of this Wall of Remembrance will be by private donations; no public funds would be required.

Please contact your US Senators and ask them to become a co-sponsor to S. 1982 to honor, by name 36,574 US soldiers killed in the “Forgotten” War, as well as honor by number those still missing in action (MIAs), POWs, and KATUSAs. The glass Wall would also provide the opportunity to recognize the 20 United Nations who assisted to keep a nation free from Communism.

The intent and specific wording of PL 99-572 which authorized the Korean War Veterans Memorial. stated in part:“…..to  honor those members of the United States Armed Forces who served  in  the  Korean War, particularly those who were killed in action, are still  missing  in  action, or  were  held  as  prisoners  of  war.”  While that message is present in a subliminal sense as was intended by the Pool of Remembrance – sadly, that message is not conveyed to those who visit the Memorial.  Nowhere in our Nation is the extent of the ultimate sacrifice of our Soldiery fully presented, nor that of the 103,284 of their comrades who were wounded in action. And their memorial fails to prominently convey the extent of their sacrifice in obedience to the credo that FREEDOM IS NOT FREE.

During the  design development stage by the Korean War Veterans Memorial Advisory Board attempts  were made to incorporate a means of  listing U.S. Killed In Action (KIA) by name; and by number the Korean Augmentation To United States Army (KATUSA); Republic of Korea (ROK); and United Nations Killed In Action (UN KIA) and, by number all Wounded In Action (WIA), Missing In Action (MIA) and Prisoners of War (POW).  For a variety of reasons, this concept was denied.

The final approved design hoped for a subliminal message to honor the fallen as discussed above. If  visitors do see the figures they do not convey the reality of almost 1000 dead and 3000 wounded month after month for 36 months of direct combat. What catches their eye is ‘FREEDOM IS NOT FREE’ but they miss relating that to the human cost!  

To fulfill the specific requirements and intent of PL 99-572 it is proposed to erect a laminated glass wall encircling the rear 180 degrees of the Pool of Remembrance. The Wall, being of glass, will not interfere with the panorama of the Mall to those transiting the circumference of the Wall.  Most importantly it will also give a sense of closure to the Memorial.

114TH CONGRESS

1ST SESSION

  1. R. 1475

To authorize a Wall of Remembrance as part of the Korean War Veterans Memorial and to allow certain private contributions to fund that Wall of Remembrance.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

MARCH 19, 2015

Mr. SAM JOHNSON of Texas (for himself, Mr. RANGEL, and Mr. CONYERS)introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Natural Resources

A BILL

To authorize a Wall of Remembrance as part of the Korean War Veterans Memorial and to allow certain private contributions to fund that Wall of Remembrance.

            Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Korean War Veterans Memorial Wall of Remembrance Act of 2015’’.

 SEC. 2. WALL OF REMEMBRANCE.

Section1 of the Act titled ‘‘An Act to authorize the erection of a memorial on Federal Land in the District  of Columbia and its environs to honor members of the Armed Forces of the United States who served in the Korean War”, approved October 25, 1986 (Public Law 99– 572), is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘‘Such memorial shall include a Wall of Remembrance, which shall be constructed without the use of Federal funds. The American Battle Monuments Commission shall request and consider design recommendations from the Korean War Veterans Memorial Foundation, Inc. for the establishment of the Wall of Remembrance. The Wall of Remembrance shall include—

‘‘(1)a list by name of members of the Armed Forces of the United States who were killed in action in the Korean War;

‘‘(2) the number of members of the Armed Forces of the United States who, in regards to the Korean War—

‘‘(A) were wounded in action;

‘‘(B) are listed as missing in action; or

‘‘(C) were prisoners of war; and

‘‘(3) the number of members of the Korean Augmentation to the United States Army, the Republic of Korea Armed Forces, and the other nations of the United Nations Command who, in regards to the Korean War—

‘‘(A) were killed in action;

‘‘(B) were wounded in action;

‘‘(C) are listed as missing in action; or

‘‘(D) were prisoners of war.’’