The Korean War Veterans Memorial

The Memorial

The Korean War Veterans Memorial is located near the Lincoln Memorial on the National Mall in Washington, DC. It was dedicated on July 27, 1995. The memorial commemorates the sacrifices of the 5.8 million Americans who served in the U.S. armed services during the three-year period of the Korean War. The war was one of the most hard fought in our history. During its relatively short duration from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953, 54,246 Americans died in support of their country. Of these, 8,200 are listed as missing in action or lost or buried at sea. In addition 103,284 were wounded during the conflict.

The Statues

The 19 stainless steel statues were sculpted by Frank Gaylord of Barre, VT and cast by Tallix Foundries of Beacon, NY. They are approximately seven feet tall and represent an ethnic cross section of America. The advance party has 14 Army, 3 Marine, 1 Navy and 1 Air Force members. The statues stand in patches of Juniper bushes and are separated by polished granite strips, which give a semblance of order and symbolize the rice paddies of Korea. The troops wear ponchos covering their weapons and equipment. The ponchos seem to blow in the cold winds of Korea. The statues are identified below:

Pos

Service

Duty

Race

Weapon

Pos

Service

Duty

Race

Weapon

 1.

Army

Lead Scout

Caucasian

M-1

11.

USAF

Air-Ground Controller

Caucasian

Carbine

 2.

Army

Scout

Caucasian

M-1

12.

USMC

Asst Gunner

Caucasian

Tripod

 3.

Army

Squad Leader

Caucasian

M-1

13.

USMC

Gunner

Caucasian

Mach Gun

 4.

Army

BAR Man

Afro-American

BAR

14.

Navy

Corpsman

Afro-American

None

 5.

Army

BAR Asst

Caucasian

Carbine

15.

USMC

Rifleman

Asian-American

M-1

 6.

Army

Rifleman

Afro-American

M-1

16.

Army

Rifleman

Caucasian

M-1

  7.

Army

Group Leader

Caucasian

Carbine

17.

Army

Rifleman

Hispanic

M-1

  8.

Army

Radio Operator

Caucasian

Carbine

18.

Army

Asst Group Leader

Caucasian

M-1

  9.

Army

Army Medic

Hispanic

None

19.

Army

Rifleman

Native American

M-1

10.

Army

Forward Observer

Caucasian

Carbine

 

 

 

 

 

The Mural Wall

The Mural Wall was designed by Louis Nelson of New York, NY and fabricated by Cold Spring Granite Company, Cold Spring, MN. The muralist, sculptor and architect worked closely to create a two-dimensional work of art adjacent to the three-dimensional statues. The wall consists of 41 panels extending 164 feet. Over 2,400 photographs of the Korean War were obtained from the National Archives. They were enhanced by computer to give a uniform lighting effect and the desired size. The mural, representing those forces supporting the foot soldier, depicts Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force and Coast Guard personnel and their equipment. The etchings are arranged to give a wavy appearance in harmony with the layout of the statues. The reflective quality of the Academy Black Granite creates the image of a total of 38 statues, symbolic of the 38th Parallel and the 38 months of the war. When viewed from afar, it also creates the appearance of the mountain ranges of Korea. It is organized by service as shown below:





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