The Wall of Remembrance - Public Law 114-230

For nearly seven years, the KOREAN WAR VETERANS MEMORIAL FOUNDATION (KWVMF) and the KOREAN WAR VETERANS ASSOCIATION (KWVA) have been promoting legislation to add a 'WALL OF REMEMBRANCE' to augment the 'POOL OF REMEMBRANCE' of the Korean War Veterans Memorial in Washington, DC.That effort has finally been achieved.

Obama signs legislation honoring Korean War heroes

By - Yonhap News - International:

"U.S.President Barack Obama signed into law legislation authorizing theestablishment of a "Wall of Remembrance" in Washington that lists thenames of all American soldiers killed during the 1950-53 Korean War.

White House press secretary Josh Earnest said in a statement that Obama signedKorean War Veterans Memorial Wall of Remembrance Act (H.R.1475). The bill wassent to the White House after passing through the House in February and theSenate last month.

The legislation, which was introduced last year by Rep. Sam Johnson (R-TX), aKorean War veteran, calls for authorizing the wall's establishment at theKorean War Veterans Memorial and allowing certain private contributions to fundthe project.

The proposed wall would list the names of all members of the U.S. Armed Forceswho were killed in action during the Korean War and list the number of allAmerican prisoners of war and those missing in action, Johnson's office said.

The United States led the 21-nation Allied Forces to help South Korea repel theChinese-backed communist troops invading from the North. More than 36,000American soldiers sacrificed their lives, and 103,000 were wounded.

The war ended in a truce, not a peace treaty, leaving the divided peninsulastill technically at war."

A Wall of Names becomes a home for those who will otherwise be forgotten; for they are now unknown to their people. Public Law 114-230 will allow the Foundation to add a Wall of Remembrance  to include, in regards to the Korean War: (1)  listing by name of members of the U.S. Armed Forces who were killed in action; (2) the number of members who were wounded, listed as missing in action, or prisoners of war; and (3) the number of members of the Korean Augmentation to the U.S. Army (KATUSAs), the Republic of Korea Armed Forces, and the other nations of the United Nations (U.N.) Command who were killed, wounded, missing, or prisoners. The funding of this Wall of Remembrance will be solely by private donations.

The intent and specific wording of PL 99-572 which authorized the Korean War Veterans Memorial. stated in part:"  honor those members of the United States Armed Forces who served  in  the  Korean War, particularly those who were killed in action, are still  missing  in  action, or  were  held  as  prisoners  of  war."  While that message is present in a subliminal sense as was intended by the Pool of Remembrance - sadly, that message is not conveyed to those who visit the Memorial.  Nowhere in our Nation is the extent of the ultimate sacrifice of our Soldiery fully presented, nor that of the 103,284 of their comrades who were wounded in action. And their memorial fails to prominently convey the extent of their sacrifice in obedience to the credo that FREEDOM IS NOT FREE.

During the  design development stage by the Korean War Veterans Memorial Advisory Board attempts  were made to incorporate a means of  listing U.S. Killed In Action (KIA) by name; and by number the Korean Augmentation To United States Army (KATUSA); Republic of Korea (ROK); and United Nations Killed In Action (UN KIA) and, by number all Wounded In Action (WIA), Missing In Action (MIA) and Prisoners of War (POW).  For a variety of reasons, this concept was denied.

The final approved design hoped for a subliminal message to honor the fallen as discussed above. If  visitors do see the figures they do not convey the reality of almost 1000 dead and 3000 wounded month after month for 36 months of direct combat. What catches their eye is 'FREEDOM IS NOT FREE' but they miss relating that to the human cost!  

To fulfill the specific requirements and intent of PL 99-572 it is proposed to erect a wall encircling the rear 180 degrees of the Pool of Remembrance. The Wall, proposed to being of glass, will not interfere with the panorama of the Mall to those transiting the circumference of the Wall.  Most importantly it will also give a sense of closure to the Memorial.

One hundred fourteenth Congress of the 
United States of America
at the Second Session

An Act

To authorize a Wall of Remembrance as part of the Korean War Veterans Memorial and to allow certain private contributions to fund that All of Remembrance
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
This Act may be cited as the “Korean War Veterans Memorial Wall of Remembrance Act”.
(1) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding section 8908(c) of title 40, United States Code, the Korean War Veterans Memorial Foundation, Inc., may construct a Wall of Remembrance at the site of the Korean War Veterans Memorial.
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Wall of Remembrance shall include a list of names of members of the Armed Forces of the United States who died in the Korean War, as determined by the Secretary of Defense, in accordance with subparagraph

(i) establish eligibility criteria for the inclusion of names on the Wall of Remembrance under subparagraph (A); and
(ii) provide to the Secretary of the Interior a final list of names for inclusion on the Wall of Remembrance under subparagraph (A) that meet the criteria established under clause (i).

(3) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.—The Wall of Remembrance may include other information about the Korean War, including the number of members of the Armed Forces of the United States, the Korean Augmentation to the United States Army, the Republic of Korea Armed Forces, and the other nations of the United Nations Command who, in regards to the Korean War—
(A) were killed in action;
(B) were wounded in action;
(C) are listed as missing in action; or
(D) were prisoners of war.

(b) COMMEMORATIVE WORKS ACT.—Except as provided in subsection (a)(1), chapter 89 of title 40, United States Code (commonly known as the “Commemorative Works Act”), shall apply.

(c) NO FEDERAL FUNDS.—No Federal funds may be used to construct the Wall of Remembrance.